Effect of Range of Motion Exercise Program on Pain Level among Patients with Second Degree Burn at Mansoura University Hospital

Document Type : Original Article


1 Registered Nurse in ICU Burn, Plastic, Reconstructive, and Burn Surgery Center at Mansoura University Hospitals, Egypt

2 Professor of Medical-Surgical Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Mansoura University, Egypt.

3 Professor of Plastic and reconstructive surgery, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt


Background: The burn injuries can result in devastating functional impairments and hamper quality of life. One
of the rehabilitation program components is Range of motion exercise. The range of motion exercise can reduce pain
level and prevent contracture. Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of range of Motion exercise on pain
level with burnt patient with second degree burn. Methods: A quasi-experimental design one group pretest posttest was
utilized. Subject: A purposive sample (47) of adult patients diagnosed with second degree of burn. Setting: Plastic,
Reconstructive and Burn Surgery Center at Mansoura University Hospitals. Study tools: The data were collected by
using a Structured Interview Questionnaire and Pain Visual Analogue scale assessment. Continuous data were normally
distributed and were expressed in mean ±standard deviation and Chi-square test (or fisher’s exact test when applicable)
was used for comparison of variables with categorical data in SPSS 23. Results: The study revealed that, there were high
statistically significant differences regarding Range of motion and pain level were found in the the post-test, where P
values <0.001**. Conclusions: A significant improvement of pain level was found after implementation of the ROM
program which supported the study hypotheses. Recommendations: Simple instruction handouts have to be available
for burnt patients about range of motion exercise, in addition to the usual rehabilitation activities at burn center and
repeat the study on a full thickness burn degree wound